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Everything About JavaScript forEach() Loop Method

4 min read

JavaScript forEach() method provides another way to loop an iterable object (like arrays).

The forEach method uses callback functions to deal with each iteration.

It uses callbacks, but that does not mean it is inherently asynchronous.

Also, it can’t use JavaScript’s Break and Continue statements.

Let’s jump right in.

1. JavaScript forEach - Basic Examples

These examples will answer the question ”how to use foreach in javascript?”. Expected results are shown as comments.

1.1. Basic Example - Logging Array Elements

["a", "b", "c"].forEach((element) => console.log(element));
// a
// b
// c

It that example, we simply created an Array and directly iterated it using the forEach method. It will simply log each element per line in the console.

1.2. DOM Example - Logging NodeList Elements

The forEach method does not only work with Array. NodeList objects also have .forEach().

document.querySelectorAll("div").forEach((element) => console.log(element));
// all div elements will get logged per line

This example logs all div elements of the page per line on the console.

1.3. Basic Indices - Logging Array Index and Element

In the above examples we have logged only the element, but what about indices?

["a", "b", "c"].forEach((element, index) => console.log(index, element));
// 0 a
// 1 b
// 2 c

1.4. Object Example - Logging Key and Value of Object

JavaScript object foreach. In this example, we will take a simple object and log its keys and values per line.

Main Problem: Objects are not directly iterable. Firstly we have to make an array of object keys using Object.keys().

const theObject = {
  programmer: "Aaryan",
  level: "intermediate",
  years: 3.5,
Object.keys(theObject).forEach((key) =>
  console.log(`${key}: ${theObject[key]}`)
// programmer: Aaryan
// level: intermediate
// years: 3.5

2. JavaScript forEach - Questions

Here the most asked question concerning the JavaScript forEach method.

2.1. How to use foreach in javascript?

Any array or iterable object has a .forEach() method, which you can use for loops. For better understanding look the above use-cases.

2.2. How to break the foreach loop in javascript?

The answer is, you can’t break the forEach loop in JavaScript.

The best you can do is, use a return statement to skip an iteration.

If you really want to break the loop, use the classic JavaScript for loop.

2.3. What is the difference between for and foreach in javascript?

Here’s for vs forEach loop.

const array = [10, 20, 30];

 * Iterating with classic for loop
 * You can use `break` or `continue`

for (let i = 0; i < array.length; i++) {
// 10
// 20
// 30

 * Iterating with forEach loop
 * You CAN NOT use `break` or `continue`

array.forEach((element) => console.log(element));
// 10
// 20
// 30

3. JavaScript forEach - Practical Uses

There are endless possibilities of practical uses for the forEach method. We’ll look at the most requested use cases.

3.1. Appending items to a List in DOM

Here we are appending JavaScript LI in UL or OL.

const items = ["James", "Mary", "Henry"];

const list = document.getElementById("list"); // could be any element id or selector

items.forEach((item) => {
  const node = document.createElement("LI"); // creates a List Item element
  node.innerText = item; // sets the created element's innerText to current item
  list.appendChild(node); // appens the element to the list

3.2. How to catch an Error in a foreach loop?

You can actually catch errors using;

  1. Classic Try/Catch block. This can stop the ongoing operation though.
  2. Make an Array of errors. This way you can keep the process going, but also keeping track of possible errors.

Both have appropriate use cases.


The JavaScript forEach method is a really great way to loop any iterable object. It provides syntactic sugar to beautify our code.

However, it uses callbacks and hence can’t use break or continue statements as pointed out in the example.